What is Vertigo?

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What is Vertigo?


Patients refer to dizziness in many ways...

  • I’m dizzy. I am losing my balance.
  • I’m dizzy. It’s like I’m floating.
  • I’m dizzy. I feel I’m going to pass out.
  • I’m dizzy. The room around me is spinning.

Vertigo is a form of dizziness.

Vertigo is a false sensation that either self or surrounding is spinning, floating or tumbling down.

Not all dizziness is vertigo.

Sometimes vertigo is accompanied by nausea and vomiting.    


Vertigo presents itself in many ways...

Some patients experience brief spinning episodes lasting few seconds

Some patients experience less frequent vertigo but moderate in severity

For some the vertigo may be severe and frequent affecting daily living

Majority of patients experience the vertigo lasting for few seconds, however brief the spinning, shaken, tumbling down sensation can still be terrifying

What causes vertigo?

Most often vertigo is caused by disturbances in the inner ear. If vertigo arises from a disorder of the ear and other structures around it, it is called peripheral vertigo.

It is important to consult your doctor. The doctor checks if one has peripheral or central vertigo.

In central vertigo, the sensation arises from a disorder in the brain and other structures around it.

In peripheral vertigo, the sensation arises from the inner ear and other structures around it.

Vertigo is not a diagnosis. It is a symptom of an underlying disease.


“Each time I turn my head to the right, the surrounding spins for a few seconds, it can be a terrifying experience.”

acare vertigo bppv

acare vertigo meniere disease

Meniere's disease

“I was shaken violently and there were ringing sounds in my ear. I’m glad I’m not alone in this journey with the illness.”

During the early stage of Meniere’s disease, vertigo attack is described as spontaneous, violent and may be accompanied by hearing loss, ear fullness or ringing of the ear. Symptoms may last for 20 mins to 24 hours.

Consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of vertigo.

Vestibular neuritis

“Two weeks ago, I had a viral infection they linked to my terrifying experience. I threw up and the world was spinning. Good thing I recovered.”

Sudden onset of very frightening severe vertigo. Many people are rushed to the emergency room. Recovery from vertigo may last for several weeks.

Consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment of vertigo.

Reference: Types of Vestibular Disorders. Retrieved from https://vestibular.org/understanding-vestibular-disorder/types-vestibular-disorders

acare vertigo vestibular neuritis

acare vertigo vestibular migraine

Vestibular migraine

Vestibular Migraine involving blood vessels of the brain may also cause vertigo.  

“I have throbbing headache on the left part of my head. I also feel dizzy.”

Although rare, other causes of central vertigo may be serious and need immediate medical attention.

Consult your doctor for proper diagnosis.

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